COSC 3410 Programming Languages

Fall 2011

Homework Assignment #5

A Simple Interpreter
Due: Wednesday, Oct 12, 11:00am CDT
Submit: Turn in Scheme source files called "hw5.scm" (your interpreter) and "hw5-test.scm" (a SchemeUnit testsuite for your interpreter) using the turnin command on the Systems Lab machines. Include the names of all authors at the top of the files in a comment block.
Work may be completed in pairs. Each team should have only one member turnin.

The Grammar

For this assignment, we will be using the language specified by the following grammar:
<expr>    ::=    <number>
   |    <symbol>
   |    ( lambda ( {<symbol>}* ) <expr> )
   |    ( if <expr> <expr> <expr> )
   |    ( <prim-op> <expr> <expr> )
   |    ( <expr> {<expr>}* )
<prim-op>    ::=    add
   |    sub
   |    mul
   |    div
   |    mod
where the primitive operators for addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and modulus always take two arguments.

Abstract Syntax

Implement the necessary abstract syntax trees (variant records) to represent the grammar above, in the style shown in EoPL and in lecture.


Implement parse and unparse for translating between the concrete and abstract syntaxes.

Simple Interpreter

Implement evaluate which takes an abstract syntax tree and returns the result of evaluating the expression represented.
For example:
> (evaluate (parse '(add 4 5)))
> 9
> (evaluate (parse '(sub (mul 4 5) (mod 10 3))))
> 19

  • Although our input grammar includes lambda terms and applications, for now your evaluate function may throw an error if you encounter a lambda term or an application of anything other than a primitive operator. Note that this implies there will be no variable definitions.
  • Since our language does not include booleans, assume that the if expression evaluates the true branch if the condition evaluates to any non-zero value. Conversely, the expression evaluates the false branch if the condition expression evaluates to zero.
  • Check rigorously for errors in the input, or for invalid expressions.
  • Appropriate errors should be thrown if your interpreter encounters any trouble. See the eopl:error construct used in the text. Think carefully about what kinds of errors the interpreter can encounter.

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    [Revised 2011 Oct 05 12:24 DWB]